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Irland Vs Nordirland

Irland Vs Nordirland Und was hat der Brexit damit zu tun?

Der Nordirlandkonflikt beherrschte die nordirische Politik der Jahre bis Es handelt sich bei dem Konflikt um einen bürgerkriegsartigen Identitäts- und Machtkampf zwischen zwei Bevölkerungsgruppen. Der Nordirlandkonflikt (englisch The Troubles, irisch Na Trioblóidí) beherrschte die nordirische Die Begriffe „katholisch“ und „protestantisch“ dienen in Nordirland als V.: How the barracks attack unfolded, in: BBC Online, 8. März Nordirland (englisch Northern Ireland, irisch Tuaisceart Éireann) ist ein Land und Teil des Vereinigten Königreichs Großbritannien und Nordirland. Es besteht. Der Konflikt entstand aus der Aufteilung Irlands in Nordirland und die und britischen Regierung, hatte den Konfliktparteien (Unionisten vs. Der Brexit und eine mögliche "irische Lösung"; Fragiler Frieden - innere Mauern. Nach einem britischen EU-Austritt könnte der Nordirland-.

Irland Vs Nordirland

Der Konflikt entstand aus der Aufteilung Irlands in Nordirland und die und britischen Regierung, hatte den Konfliktparteien (Unionisten vs. Der Brexit und eine mögliche "irische Lösung"; Fragiler Frieden - innere Mauern. Nach einem britischen EU-Austritt könnte der Nordirland-. Hier auf SofaScore Live Ticker können Sie alle vorherigen Irland vs Nordirland Ergebnisse, sortiert nach ihren Kopf-an-Kopf-Matches. Wird verlinkt mit den. Kategorien : Nordirlandkonflikt Politischer Konflikt. Irland 1. The largest non-white ethnic groups were Chinese 6, and Indian check this out, The island of Ireland Spielsucht Software divided into two separate jurisdictions: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Answer to the question "Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a unionist, a nationalist or neither? Ireland portal. Dermed ville katolikker i Nordirland, og almindelige borgere ikke selv have retten til at bestemme over deres land. Nordirland für Touristen. Häufig gestellte Fragen rund um Urlaub in Irlands Nordosten Sollte man als Tourist Urlaub in Nordirland machen? Das ist eine Frage. Republik Irland und Nordirland. Zu Anfang des Jahrhunderts rebellierten die Iren gegen die englische Herrschaft. wurde der südliche Teil der Insel als. Nordirland hat eine eigene Regierung, Währung und Straßenschilder, um nur einige der Unterschiede zur Republik Irland zu nennen. Hier auf SofaScore Live Ticker können Sie alle vorherigen Irland vs Nordirland Ergebnisse, sortiert nach ihren Kopf-an-Kopf-Matches. Wird verlinkt mit den. Irland vs NordirlandTeamvergleich: Irland vs Nordirland. BilanzSpieleFormTeam​HistorieTore. Gesamt Heim Auswärts. Gesamt. 3U letzte Duelle. Irland Vs Nordirland Zurück zur Startseite. Nach zwei Tagen der Unruhe, in denen acht Menschen starben, verletzt und katholische Familien vertrieben wurden, fünfmal mehr als protestantische, [11] Beste Spielothek in Kaltschach der neue nordirische Premierminister James Chichester-Clark die britische Armee zu Hilfe, nachdem die nordirische Polizei nicht in der Lage gewesen war, die Unruhen zu beenden. Das Abkommen von hat auch Englisch-Deutsch Leo dazu geführt, dass Nordiren heute normal miteinander umgehen. Traditional Unionist Voice. Vom Damit schränkten sie die Bewegungsfreiheit der IRA erheblich ein. Die Karte und weitere Hintergründe findest du im Dossier der bpb. Diese Internment-Politik click here, also die vorbeugende Inhaftierung verdächtiger Menschen ohne Anklage und Prozess, schürte die Gewalt zusätzlich.

Irland Vs Nordirland Nachrichten

Social Democratic and Labour Party. Publiziert in Irland Blog. Das protestantisch geprägte Nordirland blieb Teil des Vereinigten Königreichs, die irische Republik im Süden, in der vor allem Katholiken lebten, war Online GlГјckГџpiel ein eigenständiger Staat. Das Abkommen wurde von der britischen Premierministerin Margaret Thatcher und dem irischen Ministerpräsident Garret FitzGerald in Hillsborough Castle unterzeichnet und sollte den Nordirlandkonflikt politisch befrieden. Bis zu Paramilitärs wurden im Rahmen der Supergrass-Regelung festgenommen. Ende wurde nach fünfmonatigen Gesprächen ein Unabhängigkeitsvertrag durch Lloyd George, Griffith und Michael Collins unterzeichnet, der sogenannte anglo-irische Vertrag. Da die Read more jedoch ohne politisches Konzept nach Nordirland geschickt worden war und nur Recht und Ordnung wiederherstellen sollte, wurde sie von den TГ¤glich Gewinnen schnell als verlängerter Arm des Stormont-Regimes angesehen, denn see more Sicherheitsorgan arbeitete sie mit der nordirischen Regierung und Polizei eng zusammen. Julibei dem in Belfast 22 Bomben explodierten, die neun Personen töteten und verletzten.

Whilst the UK capital is London, the regional capital is Belfast. There is also a devolved administration headed by the joint office of the First and Deputy First Ministers.

There are approximately 2 million people living in Northern Ireland. The Republic of Ireland was created in when the Irish Free State also known as Southern Ireland became fully independent and severed all political ties with the United Kingdom.

The capital city of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin. There are approximately 4. Share this comparison:. If you read this far, you should follow us:.

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Ireland vs. Northern Ireland. The main political divide in Northern Ireland is between unionists, who wish to see Northern Ireland continue as part of the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who wish to see Northern Ireland unified with the Republic of Ireland, independent from the United Kingdom.

These two opposing views are linked to deeper cultural divisions. Unionists are predominantly Ulster Protestant , descendants of mainly Scottish , English, and Huguenot settlers as well as Gaels who converted to one of the Protestant denominations.

Nationalists are overwhelmingly Catholic and descend from the population predating the settlement, with a minority from the Scottish Highlands as well as some converts from Protestantism.

Discrimination against nationalists under the Stormont government — gave rise to the civil rights movement in the s.

While some unionists argue that discrimination was not just due to religious or political bigotry, but also the result of more complex socio-economic, socio-political and geographical factors, [57] its existence, and the manner in which nationalist anger at it was handled, were a major contributing factor to the Troubles.

The political unrest went through its most violent phase between and Opinion polls consistently show that the election results are not necessarily an indication of the electorate's stance regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.

Most of the population of Northern Ireland are at least nominally Christian, mostly Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations.

For the most part, Protestants feel a strong connection with Great Britain and wish for Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom.

Many Catholics however, generally aspire to a United Ireland or are less certain about how to solve the constitutional question.

Protestants have a slight majority in Northern Ireland, according to the latest Northern Ireland Census.

The make-up of the Northern Ireland Assembly reflects the appeals of the various parties within the population. Of the Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs , 56 are unionists and 40 are nationalists the remaining 12 are classified as "other".

Since , Northern Ireland has had devolved government within the United Kingdom, presided over by the Northern Ireland Assembly and a cross-community government the Northern Ireland Executive.

Reserved matters comprise listed policy areas such as civil aviation , units of measurement , and human genetics that Parliament may devolve to the Assembly some time in the future.

Excepted matters such as international relations , taxation and elections are never expected to be considered for devolution. On all other governmental matters, the Executive together with the member Assembly may legislate for and govern Northern Ireland.

Additionally, "in recognition of the Irish Government's special interest in Northern Ireland", the Government of Ireland and Government of the United Kingdom co-operate closely on non-devolved matters through the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference.

Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly are by single transferable vote with five Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs elected from each of 18 parliamentary constituencies.

In addition, eighteen representatives Members of Parliament, MPs are elected to the lower house of the UK parliament from the same constituencies using the first-past-the-post system.

However, not all of those elected take their seats. In addition, the upper house of the UK parliament, the House of Lords , currently has some 25 appointed members from Northern Ireland.

Additionally, the Republic's government also has the right to "put forward views and proposals" on non-devolved matters in relation to Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland is a distinct legal jurisdiction , separate from the two other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom England and Wales , and Scotland.

Northern Ireland law developed from Irish law that existed before the partition of Ireland in Northern Ireland is a common law jurisdiction and its common law is similar to that in England and Wales.

However, there are important differences in law and procedure between Northern Ireland and England and Wales.

There is no generally accepted term to describe what Northern Ireland is: province, region, country or something else. Owing in part to the way in which the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, came into being, there is no legally defined term to describe what Northern Ireland 'is'.

There is also no uniform or guiding way to refer to Northern Ireland amongst the agencies of the UK government.

Unlike England, Scotland and Wales, Northern Ireland has no history of being an independent country or of being a nation in its own right.

Many commentators prefer to use the term "province", although that is also not without problems. It can arouse irritation, particularly among nationalists, for whom the title province is properly reserved for the traditional province of Ulster, of which Northern Ireland comprises six out of nine counties.

Some authors have described the meaning of this term as being equivocal: referring to Northern Ireland as being a province both of the United Kingdom and of the traditional country of Ireland.

Some authors choose this word but note that it is "unsatisfactory". Many people inside and outside Northern Ireland use other names for Northern Ireland, depending on their point of view.

Disagreement on names, and the reading of political symbolism into the use or non-use of a word, also attaches itself to some urban centres.

The most notable example is whether Northern Ireland's second city should be called "Derry" or "Londonderry". Choice of language and nomenclature in Northern Ireland often reveals the cultural, ethnic and religious identity of the speaker.

Those who do not belong to any group but lean towards one side often tend to use the language of that group. Although some news bulletins since the s have opted to avoid all contentious terms and use the official name, Northern Ireland, the term "the North" remains commonly used by broadcast media in the Republic.

Northern Ireland was covered by an ice sheet for most of the last ice age and on numerous previous occasions, the legacy of which can be seen in the extensive coverage of drumlins in Counties Fermanagh, Armagh, Antrim and particularly Down.

The largest island of Northern Ireland is Rathlin , off the north Antrim coast. There are substantial uplands in the Sperrin Mountains an extension of the Caledonian mountain belt with extensive gold deposits, granite Mourne Mountains and basalt Antrim Plateau , as well as smaller ranges in South Armagh and along the Fermanagh—Tyrone border.

Belfast's most prominent peak is Cavehill. The volcanic activity which created the Antrim Plateau also formed the eerily geometric pillars of the Giant's Causeway on the north Antrim coast.

The Lower and Upper River Bann , River Foyle and River Blackwater form extensive fertile lowlands, with excellent arable land also found in North and East Down, although much of the hill country is marginal and suitable largely for animal husbandry.

The valley of the River Lagan is dominated by Belfast, whose metropolitan area includes over a third of the population of Northern Ireland, with heavy urbanisation and industrialisation along the Lagan Valley and both shores of Belfast Lough.

The vast majority of Northern Ireland has a temperate maritime climate , Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification rather wetter in the west than the east, although cloud cover is very common across the region.

The weather is unpredictable at all times of the year, and although the seasons are distinct, they are considerably less pronounced than in interior Europe or the eastern seaboard of North America.

Average daytime maximums in Belfast are 6. The highest maximum temperature recorded was Northern Ireland is the least forested part of the United Kingdom and Ireland, and one of the least forested parts of Europe.

These counties are no longer used for local government purposes; instead, there are eleven districts of Northern Ireland which have different geographical extents.

These were created in , replacing the twenty-six districts which previously existed. Although counties are no longer used for local governmental purposes, they remain a popular means of describing where places are.

They are officially used while applying for an Irish passport , which requires one to state one's county of birth. The name of that county then appears in both Irish and English on the passport's information page, as opposed to the town or city of birth on the United Kingdom passport.

The Gaelic Athletic Association still uses the counties as its primary means of organisation and fields representative teams of each GAA county.

The original system of car registration numbers largely based on counties still remains in use. In , the telephone numbering system was restructured into an 8 digit scheme with except for Belfast the first digit approximately reflecting the county.

With their decline in official use, there is often confusion surrounding towns and cities which lie near county boundaries, such as Belfast and Lisburn , which are split between counties Down and Antrim the majorities of both cities, however, are in Antrim.

Northern Ireland has traditionally had an industrial economy, most notably in shipbuilding, rope manufacture and textiles, but most heavy industry has since been replaced by services, primarily the public sector.

Seventy percent of the economy's revenue comes from the service sector. Tourism has been a major growth area since the end of the Troubles.

Key tourism attractions include the historic cities of Derry, Belfast and Armagh and the many castles in Northern Ireland.

These large firms are attracted by government subsidies and the skilled workforce in Northern Ireland. The local economy has seen contraction during the Great Recession.

In response, the Northern Ireland Assembly has sent trade missions abroad. The Executive wishes to gain taxation powers from London, to align Northern Ireland's corporation tax rate with the unusually low rate of the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland has underdeveloped transport infrastructure , with most infrastructure concentrated around Greater Belfast, Greater Derry and Craigavon.

Passenger railways are operated by Northern Ireland Railways. The only preserved line of this gauge is the Downpatrick and County Down Railway , which operates steam and diesel locomotives.

Main railway lines linking to and from Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station and Lanyon Place railway station are:. The cross-border road connecting the ports of Larne in Northern Ireland and Rosslare Harbour in the Republic of Ireland is being upgraded as part of an EU-funded scheme.

The population of Northern Ireland has risen yearly since The population in was 1. The population of Northern Ireland is almost entirely white The largest non-white ethnic groups were Chinese 6, and Indian 6, Black people of various origins made up 0.

At the census, In terms of community background i. Belfast Derry. Lisburn Newry. In the census in Northern Ireland respondents gave their national identity as follows.

Several studies and surveys carried out between and have indicated that, in general, most Protestants in Northern Ireland see themselves primarily as British, whereas a majority of Roman Catholics regard themselves primarily as Irish.

Overall, the Catholic population is somewhat more ethnically diverse than the more homogeneous Protestant population. Meanwhile, A further 4.

Compared to a similar survey carried out in , this shows a fall in the percentage of Protestants identifying as British and Ulster and a rise in those identifying as Northern Irish.

These figures were largely unchanged from the results. They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland.

This entitlement was reaffirmed in the Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that:.

As a result of the Agreement, the Constitution of the Republic of Ireland was amended. The current wording provides that people born in Northern Ireland are entitled to be Irish citizens on the same basis as people from any other part of the island.

Neither government, however, extends its citizenship to all persons born in Northern Ireland. Both governments exclude some people born in Northern Ireland, in particular persons born without one parent who is a British or Irish citizen.

The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in The position in UK nationality law is that most of those born in Northern Ireland are UK nationals, whether or not they so choose.

In the census in Northern Ireland respondents stated that they held the following passports. English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population.

It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice Language Act Ireland prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

Irish in Northern Ireland was specified under Part III of the Charter, with a range of specific undertakings in relation to education, translation of statutes, interaction with public authorities, the use of placenames, media access, support for cultural activities and other matters.

The dialect of English spoken in Northern Ireland shows influence from the lowland Scots language. Today, the language is often associated with Irish nationalism and thus with Catholics.

However, in the 19th century, the language was seen as a common heritage, with Ulster Protestants playing a leading role in the Gaelic revival.

Some words and phrases are shared with Scots Gaelic, and the dialects of east Ulster — those of Rathlin Island and the Glens of Antrim — were very similar to the dialect of Argyll , the part of Scotland nearest to Ireland.

And those dialects of Armagh and Down were also very similar to the dialects of Galloway. Use of the Irish language in Northern Ireland today is politically sensitive.

The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships.

Efforts by members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to legislate for some official uses of the language have failed to achieve the required cross-community support, and the UK government has declined to legislate.

There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland.

For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary.

Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands. Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires.

There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence. Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists.

Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing.

Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century.

Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas.

The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status.

The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists. This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom.

It is still used by some British army regiments. Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas.

At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country. Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people.

Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland.

NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate. No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup. It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders.

Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland. Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams.

Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Motorcycle racing is a particularly popular sport during the summer months, with the main meetings of the season attracting some of the largest crowds to any outdoor sporting event in the whole of Ireland.

In addition racing on purpose built circuits take place at Kirkistown and Bishop's Court, [] whilst smaller road race meetings are held such as the Cookstown , the Armoy Road Races [] and the Tandragee [] all of which form part of the Irish National Road Race Championships [] and which have produced some of the greatest motorcycle racers in the history of the sport, notably Joey Dunlop.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system.

In the primary school sector, 40 schools 8. The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland.

Access is available to satellite and cable services. Besides the UK and Irish national newspapers, there are three main regional newspapers published in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Both the national flag and the national anthem of present-day Ireland drive origins directly from the Rising.

At first it still appeared as if the revolutionaries would take over the old symbols because on the roof of their headquarters, the Dublin General Post Office, a green flag with the harp was hoisted next to the republican tricolour although with the inscription 'Irish Republic'.

Even 'Got save Ireland' was sung by the revolutionaries during Easter week. But after the failure of the Rising and the subsequent executions of the leading revolutionaries the tricolour and 'The Soldier's Song' became more and more popular as symbols of the rebellion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the electoral constituency, see Northern Ireland European Parliament constituency.

Part of the United Kingdom lying in the north-east of the island of Ireland, created Irish Ulster-Scots. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. The Ulster Banner is still used by some organisations and entities and has been adopted as an unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is controversial.

See Northern Ireland flags issue for more. English serves as the de facto language of government and diplomacy and is the de jure language of legal proceedings.

The code is within the UK and from the Republic of Ireland where it is treated as a domestic call. Main article: History of Northern Ireland.

Main article: Partition of Ireland. Main article: The Troubles. Main article: Northern Ireland peace process. Main article: Politics of Northern Ireland.

Main article: Alternative names for Northern Ireland. Main article: Counties of Northern Ireland. Main article: Economy of Northern Ireland.

Main article: Transport in Northern Ireland. Further information: British nationality law and Irish nationality law. Main article: Languages of Northern Ireland.

Main article: Mid-Ulster English. Main article: Ulster Scots dialects. Main article: Culture of Northern Ireland.

See also: Northern Ireland flags issue. Main article: Sport in Northern Ireland. Main article: Education in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland portal United Kingdom portal Ireland portal. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 7 October Office for National Statistics.

Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 13 September Government of the United Kingdom.

Retrieved 26 October Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 October Dunn; H.

Dawson , An Alphabetical Listing of Word, Name and Place in Northern Ireland and the Living Language of Conflict , Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: in the general sense, it is not a country, or a province, or a state — although some refer to it contemptuously as a statelet: the least controversial word appears to be jurisdiction, but this might change.

Whyte; G. This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities. These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences.

That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government.

Ulster Unionist Party. Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 2 August Archived from the original on 16 July Social Democratic and Labour Party.

Irland blev delt i under betingelserne i Government of Ireland Act , Medens Sydirland kun havde en kort eksistensperiode mellem og , en periode der blev domineret af den Anglo-Irske krig og dennes eftervirkning, fortsatte Nordirland sin eksistens.

I den tro, at Churchill ikke ville kunne holde ord, afslog Valera. Disse blev dannet i og tallet.

De 11 distrikter erstattede i de 26 tidligere distrikter, der blev dannet i Coleraine Borough Council, har derimod sit navn fra byen Coleraine i amtet Londonderry.

Mellem og med undtagelse af en kort suspendering og siden maj , er selvstyret og decentraliseringen vendt tilbage til Nordirland.

Store havne i Larne og Belfast sejler passagerer og gods mellem Storbritannien og Nordirland. Passager jernbaner drives af Northern Ireland Railways.

Ulster Scots omfatter dele af det skotske sprog, der tales i Nordirland. Andrews aftalen anerkender dog behovet for ar "forbedre og udvikle det Ulster-Scots'ske sprog, arv og kultur.

Der er et stigende antal etniske minoriteter i Nordirland. Omdirigeret fra Nord-Irland. Der er ingen kildehenvisninger i denne artikel, hvilket er et problem.

Skytshelgen : Skt. Uddybende artikler: Nordirlands historie og Irlands historie. Uddybende artikel: Transport i Nordirland.

Victories by English forces in that war and further Protestant victories in the Williamite War in Ireland — toward the close of the 17th century solidified Anglican rule in Ireland.

In Northern Ireland, the victories of the Siege of Derry and the Battle of the Boyne in this latter war are still celebrated by some Protestants both Anglican and Presbyterian.

In , and contrary to the terms of the Treaty of Limerick October , a series of penal laws were passed by the Anglican ruling class in Ireland in intense anger at the Pope's recognition of James over William, which was felt to be a betrayal.

The intention of the laws was to materially disadvantage the Catholic community and, to a lesser extent, the Presbyterian community. In the context of open institutional discrimination, the 18th century saw secret, militant societies develop in communities in the region and act on sectarian tensions in violent attacks.

These events escalated at the end of the century following an event known as the Battle of the Diamond , which saw the supremacy of the Anglican and Presbyterian Peep o'Day Boys over the Catholic Defenders and leading to the formation of the Anglican Orange Order.

A rebellion in led by the cross-community Belfast-based Society of the United Irishmen and inspired by the French Revolution sought to break the constitutional ties between Ireland and Britain and unite Irish people of all religions.

Following this, in an attempt to quell sectarianism and force the removal of discriminatory laws and to prevent the spread of French-style republicanism to Ireland , the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain pushed for the two kingdoms to be merged.

The new state, formed in , the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , was governed from a single government and parliament based in London.

Some , people from Ulster emigrated to the British North American colonies between and During the 19th century, legal reforms started in the late 18th century continued to remove statutory discrimination against Catholics, and progressive programmes enabled tenant farmers to buy land from landlords.

In , after decades of obstruction from the House of Lords , and with a Liberal government dependent on Nationalist support, Home Rule became a near-certainty.

A clash between the House of Commons and House of Lords over a controversial budget produced the Parliament Act , which enabled the veto of the Lords to be overturned.

The House of Lords veto had been the unionists' main guarantee that Home Rule would not be enacted because the majority of members of the House of Lords were unionists.

In response, opponents to Home Rule, from Conservative and Unionist Party leaders such as Bonar Law and Dublin-based barrister Sir Edward Carson to militant working class unionists in Ireland, threatened the use of violence.

In , they smuggled thousands of rifles and rounds of ammunition from Imperial Germany for use by the Ulster Volunteers UVF , a paramilitary organisation opposed to the implementation of Home Rule.

Unionists were in a minority in Ireland as a whole, but in the northern province of Ulster they were a very large majority in County Antrim and County Down , small majorities in County Armagh and County Londonderry and a substantial minority in Ulster's five other counties.

Most of the remaining 26 counties which later became the Republic of Ireland were overwhelmingly majority-nationalist.

During the Home Rule Crisis , the possibility was discussed of a "temporary" partition of these six counties from the rest of Ireland.

However, its implementation was suspended before it came into effect because of the outbreak of the First World War , and the Amending Bill to partition Ireland was abandoned.

The war was expected to last only a few weeks but in fact, lasted four years. By the end of the war during which the Easter Rising had taken place , the Act was seen as unimplementable.

Public opinion among nationalists had shifted during the war from a demand for home rule to one for full independence.

In , David Lloyd George proposed a new bill be established by the cabinet's Walter Long Committee on Ireland, which by adopting findings of his Lloyd George's inconclusive Irish Convention would divide Ireland into two Home Rule areas: twenty-six counties being ruled from Dublin and six being ruled from Belfast.

Straddling these two areas would be a shared Lord Lieutenant of Ireland who would appoint both governments and a Council of Ireland , which Lloyd George believed would evolve into an all-Ireland parliament.

Events overtook the government. Under the terms of the treaty, Northern Ireland would become part of the Free State unless the government opted out by presenting an address to the king, although in practice partition remained in place.

As expected, the Houses of the Parliament of Northern Ireland resolved on 7 December the day after the establishment of the Irish Free State to exercise its right to opt out of the Free State by making an address to the King.

Shortly afterwards, the Boundary Commission was established to decide on the territorial boundaries between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.

Owing to the outbreak of civil war in the Free State , the work of the commission was delayed until Leaders in Dublin expected a substantial reduction in the territory of Northern Ireland, with nationalist areas moving to the Free State.

However, the commission's report recommended only that some small portions of land should be ceded from Northern Ireland to the Free State and even that a small amount of land should be ceded from the Free State to Northern Ireland.

To prevent argument, this report was suppressed and, in exchange for a waiver to the Free State's obligations to the UK's public debt and the dissolution of the Council of Ireland sought by the Government of Northern Ireland , the initial six-county border was maintained with no changes.

The Ireland Act gave the first legal guarantee that the region would not cease to be part of the United Kingdom without the consent of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

The Troubles, which started in the late s, consisted of about 30 years of recurring acts of intense violence during which 3, people were killed [40] with over 50, casualties.

The franchise for local government elections included only rate-payers and their spouses, and so excluded over a quarter of the electorate.

While the majority of disenfranchised electors were Protestant, Catholics were over-represented since they were poorer and had more adults still living in the family home.

NICRA's campaign, seen by many unionists as an Irish republican front, and the violent reaction to it, proved to be a precursor to a more violent period.

The state security forces — the British Army and the police the Royal Ulster Constabulary — were also involved in the violence.

The British government's position is that its forces were neutral in the conflict, trying to uphold law and order in Northern Ireland and the right of the people of Northern Ireland to democratic self-determination.

Republicans regarded the state forces as combatants in the conflict, pointing to the collusion between the state forces and the loyalist paramilitaries as proof of this.

The "Ballast" investigation by the Police Ombudsman has confirmed that British forces, and in particular the RUC, did collude with loyalist paramilitaries, were involved in murder, and did obstruct the course of justice when such claims had been investigated, [46] although the extent to which such collusion occurred is still hotly disputed.

As a consequence of the worsening security situation, autonomous regional government for Northern Ireland was suspended in Alongside the violence, there was a political deadlock between the major political parties in Northern Ireland, including those who condemned violence, over the future status of Northern Ireland and the form of government there should be within Northern Ireland.

In , Northern Ireland held a referendum to determine if it should remain in the United Kingdom, or be part of a united Ireland.

The vote went heavily in favour Approximately The Troubles were brought to an uneasy end by a peace process which included the declaration of ceasefires by most paramilitary organisations and the complete decommissioning of their weapons, the reform of the police, and the corresponding withdrawal of army troops from the streets and from sensitive border areas such as South Armagh and Fermanagh , as agreed by the signatories to the Belfast Agreement commonly known as the " Good Friday Agreement ".

This reiterated the long-held British position, which had never before been fully acknowledged by successive Irish governments, that Northern Ireland will remain within the United Kingdom until a majority of voters in Northern Ireland decides otherwise.

The Constitution of Ireland was amended in to remove a claim of the "Irish nation" to sovereignty over the entire island in Article 2.

The new Articles 2 and 3 , added to the Constitution to replace the earlier articles, implicitly acknowledge that the status of Northern Ireland, and its relationships within the rest of the United Kingdom and with the Republic of Ireland, would only be changed with the agreement of a majority of voters in each jurisdiction.

This aspect was also central to the Belfast Agreement which was signed in and ratified by referendums held simultaneously in both Northern Ireland and the Republic.

At the same time, the British Government recognised for the first time, as part of the prospective, the so-called "Irish dimension": the principle that the people of the island of Ireland as a whole have the right, without any outside interference, to solve the issues between North and South by mutual consent.

It established a devolved power-sharing government within Northern Ireland, which must consist of both unionist and nationalist parties.

On 28 July , the Provisional IRA declared an end to its campaign and has since decommissioned what is thought to be all of its arsenal.

This final act of decommissioning was performed in accordance with the Belfast Agreement of and under the watch of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning and two external church witnesses.

Many unionists, however, remain sceptical. The International Commission later confirmed that the main loyalist paramilitary groups, the UDA, UVF and the Red Hand Commando, had decommissioned what is thought to be all of their arsenals, witnessed by a former archbishop and a former top civil servant.

Politicians elected to the Assembly at the Assembly election were called together on 15 May under the Northern Ireland Act [53] for the purpose of electing a First Minister and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland and choosing the members of an Executive before 25 November as a preliminary step to the restoration of devolved government.

The main political divide in Northern Ireland is between unionists, who wish to see Northern Ireland continue as part of the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who wish to see Northern Ireland unified with the Republic of Ireland, independent from the United Kingdom.

These two opposing views are linked to deeper cultural divisions. Unionists are predominantly Ulster Protestant , descendants of mainly Scottish , English, and Huguenot settlers as well as Gaels who converted to one of the Protestant denominations.

Nationalists are overwhelmingly Catholic and descend from the population predating the settlement, with a minority from the Scottish Highlands as well as some converts from Protestantism.

Discrimination against nationalists under the Stormont government — gave rise to the civil rights movement in the s.

While some unionists argue that discrimination was not just due to religious or political bigotry, but also the result of more complex socio-economic, socio-political and geographical factors, [57] its existence, and the manner in which nationalist anger at it was handled, were a major contributing factor to the Troubles.

The political unrest went through its most violent phase between and Opinion polls consistently show that the election results are not necessarily an indication of the electorate's stance regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.

Most of the population of Northern Ireland are at least nominally Christian, mostly Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations.

For the most part, Protestants feel a strong connection with Great Britain and wish for Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom.

Many Catholics however, generally aspire to a United Ireland or are less certain about how to solve the constitutional question.

Protestants have a slight majority in Northern Ireland, according to the latest Northern Ireland Census.

The make-up of the Northern Ireland Assembly reflects the appeals of the various parties within the population. Of the Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs , 56 are unionists and 40 are nationalists the remaining 12 are classified as "other".

Since , Northern Ireland has had devolved government within the United Kingdom, presided over by the Northern Ireland Assembly and a cross-community government the Northern Ireland Executive.

Reserved matters comprise listed policy areas such as civil aviation , units of measurement , and human genetics that Parliament may devolve to the Assembly some time in the future.

Excepted matters such as international relations , taxation and elections are never expected to be considered for devolution. On all other governmental matters, the Executive together with the member Assembly may legislate for and govern Northern Ireland.

Additionally, "in recognition of the Irish Government's special interest in Northern Ireland", the Government of Ireland and Government of the United Kingdom co-operate closely on non-devolved matters through the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference.

Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly are by single transferable vote with five Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs elected from each of 18 parliamentary constituencies.

In addition, eighteen representatives Members of Parliament, MPs are elected to the lower house of the UK parliament from the same constituencies using the first-past-the-post system.

However, not all of those elected take their seats. In addition, the upper house of the UK parliament, the House of Lords , currently has some 25 appointed members from Northern Ireland.

Additionally, the Republic's government also has the right to "put forward views and proposals" on non-devolved matters in relation to Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland is a distinct legal jurisdiction , separate from the two other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom England and Wales , and Scotland.

Northern Ireland law developed from Irish law that existed before the partition of Ireland in Northern Ireland is a common law jurisdiction and its common law is similar to that in England and Wales.

However, there are important differences in law and procedure between Northern Ireland and England and Wales.

There is no generally accepted term to describe what Northern Ireland is: province, region, country or something else.

Owing in part to the way in which the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, came into being, there is no legally defined term to describe what Northern Ireland 'is'.

There is also no uniform or guiding way to refer to Northern Ireland amongst the agencies of the UK government.

Unlike England, Scotland and Wales, Northern Ireland has no history of being an independent country or of being a nation in its own right.

Many commentators prefer to use the term "province", although that is also not without problems. It can arouse irritation, particularly among nationalists, for whom the title province is properly reserved for the traditional province of Ulster, of which Northern Ireland comprises six out of nine counties.

Some authors have described the meaning of this term as being equivocal: referring to Northern Ireland as being a province both of the United Kingdom and of the traditional country of Ireland.

Some authors choose this word but note that it is "unsatisfactory". Many people inside and outside Northern Ireland use other names for Northern Ireland, depending on their point of view.

Disagreement on names, and the reading of political symbolism into the use or non-use of a word, also attaches itself to some urban centres.

The most notable example is whether Northern Ireland's second city should be called "Derry" or "Londonderry".

Choice of language and nomenclature in Northern Ireland often reveals the cultural, ethnic and religious identity of the speaker.

Those who do not belong to any group but lean towards one side often tend to use the language of that group.

Although some news bulletins since the s have opted to avoid all contentious terms and use the official name, Northern Ireland, the term "the North" remains commonly used by broadcast media in the Republic.

Northern Ireland was covered by an ice sheet for most of the last ice age and on numerous previous occasions, the legacy of which can be seen in the extensive coverage of drumlins in Counties Fermanagh, Armagh, Antrim and particularly Down.

The largest island of Northern Ireland is Rathlin , off the north Antrim coast. There are substantial uplands in the Sperrin Mountains an extension of the Caledonian mountain belt with extensive gold deposits, granite Mourne Mountains and basalt Antrim Plateau , as well as smaller ranges in South Armagh and along the Fermanagh—Tyrone border.

Belfast's most prominent peak is Cavehill. The volcanic activity which created the Antrim Plateau also formed the eerily geometric pillars of the Giant's Causeway on the north Antrim coast.

The Lower and Upper River Bann , River Foyle and River Blackwater form extensive fertile lowlands, with excellent arable land also found in North and East Down, although much of the hill country is marginal and suitable largely for animal husbandry.

The valley of the River Lagan is dominated by Belfast, whose metropolitan area includes over a third of the population of Northern Ireland, with heavy urbanisation and industrialisation along the Lagan Valley and both shores of Belfast Lough.

The vast majority of Northern Ireland has a temperate maritime climate , Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification rather wetter in the west than the east, although cloud cover is very common across the region.

The weather is unpredictable at all times of the year, and although the seasons are distinct, they are considerably less pronounced than in interior Europe or the eastern seaboard of North America.

Average daytime maximums in Belfast are 6. The highest maximum temperature recorded was Northern Ireland is the least forested part of the United Kingdom and Ireland, and one of the least forested parts of Europe.

These counties are no longer used for local government purposes; instead, there are eleven districts of Northern Ireland which have different geographical extents.

These were created in , replacing the twenty-six districts which previously existed. Although counties are no longer used for local governmental purposes, they remain a popular means of describing where places are.

They are officially used while applying for an Irish passport , which requires one to state one's county of birth. The name of that county then appears in both Irish and English on the passport's information page, as opposed to the town or city of birth on the United Kingdom passport.

The Gaelic Athletic Association still uses the counties as its primary means of organisation and fields representative teams of each GAA county.

The original system of car registration numbers largely based on counties still remains in use. In , the telephone numbering system was restructured into an 8 digit scheme with except for Belfast the first digit approximately reflecting the county.

With their decline in official use, there is often confusion surrounding towns and cities which lie near county boundaries, such as Belfast and Lisburn , which are split between counties Down and Antrim the majorities of both cities, however, are in Antrim.

Northern Ireland has traditionally had an industrial economy, most notably in shipbuilding, rope manufacture and textiles, but most heavy industry has since been replaced by services, primarily the public sector.

Seventy percent of the economy's revenue comes from the service sector. Tourism has been a major growth area since the end of the Troubles.

Key tourism attractions include the historic cities of Derry, Belfast and Armagh and the many castles in Northern Ireland.

These large firms are attracted by government subsidies and the skilled workforce in Northern Ireland.

The local economy has seen contraction during the Great Recession. In response, the Northern Ireland Assembly has sent trade missions abroad.

The Executive wishes to gain taxation powers from London, to align Northern Ireland's corporation tax rate with the unusually low rate of the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland has underdeveloped transport infrastructure , with most infrastructure concentrated around Greater Belfast, Greater Derry and Craigavon.

Passenger railways are operated by Northern Ireland Railways. The only preserved line of this gauge is the Downpatrick and County Down Railway , which operates steam and diesel locomotives.

Main railway lines linking to and from Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station and Lanyon Place railway station are:.

The cross-border road connecting the ports of Larne in Northern Ireland and Rosslare Harbour in the Republic of Ireland is being upgraded as part of an EU-funded scheme.

The population of Northern Ireland has risen yearly since The population in was 1. The population of Northern Ireland is almost entirely white The largest non-white ethnic groups were Chinese 6, and Indian 6, Black people of various origins made up 0.

At the census, In terms of community background i. Belfast Derry. Lisburn Newry. In the census in Northern Ireland respondents gave their national identity as follows.

Several studies and surveys carried out between and have indicated that, in general, most Protestants in Northern Ireland see themselves primarily as British, whereas a majority of Roman Catholics regard themselves primarily as Irish.

Overall, the Catholic population is somewhat more ethnically diverse than the more homogeneous Protestant population.

Meanwhile, A further 4. Compared to a similar survey carried out in , this shows a fall in the percentage of Protestants identifying as British and Ulster and a rise in those identifying as Northern Irish.

These figures were largely unchanged from the results. They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland.

This entitlement was reaffirmed in the Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that:. As a result of the Agreement, the Constitution of the Republic of Ireland was amended.

The current wording provides that people born in Northern Ireland are entitled to be Irish citizens on the same basis as people from any other part of the island.

Neither government, however, extends its citizenship to all persons born in Northern Ireland. Both governments exclude some people born in Northern Ireland, in particular persons born without one parent who is a British or Irish citizen.

The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in The position in UK nationality law is that most of those born in Northern Ireland are UK nationals, whether or not they so choose.

In the census in Northern Ireland respondents stated that they held the following passports. English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population.

It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice Language Act Ireland prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

Irish in Northern Ireland was specified under Part III of the Charter, with a range of specific undertakings in relation to education, translation of statutes, interaction with public authorities, the use of placenames, media access, support for cultural activities and other matters.

The dialect of English spoken in Northern Ireland shows influence from the lowland Scots language. Today, the language is often associated with Irish nationalism and thus with Catholics.

However, in the 19th century, the language was seen as a common heritage, with Ulster Protestants playing a leading role in the Gaelic revival.

Some words and phrases are shared with Scots Gaelic, and the dialects of east Ulster — those of Rathlin Island and the Glens of Antrim — were very similar to the dialect of Argyll , the part of Scotland nearest to Ireland.

And those dialects of Armagh and Down were also very similar to the dialects of Galloway. Use of the Irish language in Northern Ireland today is politically sensitive.

The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships.

Efforts by members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to legislate for some official uses of the language have failed to achieve the required cross-community support, and the UK government has declined to legislate.

There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland.

For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary.

Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands.

Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires.

There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence.

Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists. Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing.

Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century.

Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas.

The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status. The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists.

This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom. It is still used by some British army regiments.

Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas.

At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country. Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people.

Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland.

NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate. No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup.

It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders.

Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland. Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams.

Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Motorcycle racing is a particularly popular sport during the summer months, with the main meetings of the season attracting some of the largest crowds to any outdoor sporting event in the whole of Ireland.

In addition racing on purpose built circuits take place at Kirkistown and Bishop's Court, [] whilst smaller road race meetings are held such as the Cookstown , the Armoy Road Races [] and the Tandragee [] all of which form part of the Irish National Road Race Championships [] and which have produced some of the greatest motorcycle racers in the history of the sport, notably Joey Dunlop.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system.

In the primary school sector, 40 schools 8. The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland.

Access is available to satellite and cable services. Besides the UK and Irish national newspapers, there are three main regional newspapers published in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Allerdings hält das Karfreitagsabkommen die Möglichkeit einer Wiedervereinigung mit der Republik Irland ausdrücklich offen, wenn sich die Mehrheit der Beste Spielothek in Kleinmutz finden dafür ausspricht. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Und auf der anderen Seite der Irischen See scheinen Umfragen, wonach den meisten Briten die nordirische Frage eigentlich ziemlich egal ist, kaum Wirkung auf diejenigen zu haben, für die genau diese Frage eine britische Schicksalsfrage zu sein scheint. Januar eine Autobombe vor dem Gerichtsgebäude. Jahrestages des Osteraufstandes glaubten. DE Suchen. Damit schränkten sie die Bewegungsfreiheit der IRA erheblich ein. Das Referendum fiel zugunsten des Vereinigten Königreichs aus, es war jedoch vom katholischen Bevölkerungsteil fast vollständig boykottiert worden. Alle Parteien im Vereinigten Königreich und Irland verurteilten das Ereignis einhellig und fürchteten read article Erneuerung der Gewaltspirale. Die Troubles liefen während der gesamten 70er- 80er- und frühen 90er-Jahre. Bis war der Freistaat eine konstitutionelle Monarchie - mit dem britischen König als König von Irland und einem britischen Generalgouverneur. März starben zwei britische Soldaten bei einem Anschlag, als zwei Unbekannte aus Irland Vs Nordirland vorbeifahrenden Wagen das Feuer auf den Eingang Spielothek Amerbacherkreut Beste finden in Massereene Barracks bei Antrimin der Einheiten des Corps of Royal Engineers stationiert sind, eröffneten. Januar auf einem Sonderparteitag in Dublin in einer historischen Abstimmung von Delegierten die nordirische Polizei an. Für den 5.

Irland Vs Nordirland Video

Northern Ireland 1-1 Republic of Ireland 1993 (World Cup Qualifier) Irland Vs Nordirland

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Ob allerdings eine juristische Aufarbeitung überhaupt gelingt und zur Versöhnung führt, wird in der Region auch bezweifelt. Irland ist die Insel neben England. So beschloss das Parlament bereits drakonische Strafgesetze, Volleyball Nord jegliche republikanische Agitation im Keim erstickten. Sie kosteten mehr als 3. United Kingdom Unionist Party. Das war bisher nicht der Fall. Die Insel Rathlin im Nordosten gehört zu Nordirland. Irland Ausflüge online buchen. Mit der Saoradh haben sie seit eine neue, ihnen nahestehnde politische Partei. Königin Elisabeth II. Literarisch bietet Learn more here dem geneigten Besucher viel Tradition und Aktivität. Und die mehr oder weniger protestantischen, vor allem aber britisch gestimmten Unionisten im Norden der Insel go here das sehr genau. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

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